NF.1276/SERP/CMSA/MKSP/2013 Dated : 21-05-2013
Sub: - SERP:CMSA: MKSP-Operational guidelines under CMSA programme during 2013-14-communicated-regarding
The main objective of CMSA is to sustain agriculture based livelihood with multiple livelihood options and to reduce cost of cultivation by avoiding chemical pesticides and fertilizers duly focusing on small and marginal farmers, women, tenants and agricultural workers.
The Khariff plan for the year 2013-14 has been finalized which is enclosed along with the financial allocation of each district which is based on MOU entered by zilla samakhyas with MoRD, GOI. Special feature of this year program is in ITDA districts entire expansion is in ITDA areas. The village activists are positioned for every two to five habitations based on a radial distance of about three kms to facilitate intensive tour to reach out all families. The selection of VA/CA is almost completed and orders are under issue by samakhyas during this week. Training program for old Vas/CAs is over and for new CAs/Vas/Samakhyas will commence from 27th May. This will be over seen by SPMU during their visits to the districts from 27th May.
Selection criteria for VA/CA:
· VA/CA should be native of the village and cluster and be practicing farmer
· Should actively engage in agriculture and willing to adopt CMSA methods for new villages and best practicing farmers in old villages
· Priority may be given to SC/ST/Women farmers
· In general Priority may be given to SHG members
· Age should not be less than 35 years
· Education: 10th for Vas and Inter for CAs.
The flagship components of the programme are as follows.
1. Poorest of the Poor [POP] Strategy:
The POP Strategy is to facilitate the land lease to the landless laborers and promote CMSA in these lands. 0.5 acre land will be leased in to these PoP, and they will do SRI Paddy cultivation in 0.25 acre and 36*36 model or poly crops in the remaining 0.25 acres.
It was thus designed to achieve two objectives. One is that the PoP family should earn a net income of Rs.50, 000 in a year and second one is by growing all crops,i.e. paddy, vegetables and pulses , the PoP family will have food/nutritional security. Apart from selling the produce, they can save something for their own consumption.
In Tribal areas the 36*36 model will undergo a change to the extent that the crops chosen will be specific to tribal areas including tree species.
In tribal areas the per capita land holdings is higher than plain areas. To that extent horticulture or tree plantation may be facilitated.
This year POP strategy will be implemented in 4,500 villages i.e in 2000 MKSP villages with 30,000 families (old 15,000 and new 15,000) where POP strategy implemented last year and 2,500 new villages i.e one village per cluster with 20,000 families, @ 8 per village. Each family will be provided with Rs.10,000/- as loan from MKSP. Overall this year, this strategy will be implemented in 5,000 villages with about 50,000 families.
A. 80% of the families should be from SC/ST families
B. Identified family should be landless agriculture labor and willing to take up SRI and Poly crops
C. Eight families should be selected in the new village and 7 – 8 practicing families in MKSP old villages in addition to the existing 7-8 families.
A. Lease land should be provided with bore well irrigation
B. Bore well should yield water throughout the year
C. Land suitable for SRI Paddy
D. Identified families should be trained on CMSA methods
E. Entire amount is grant to VO and loan to individual families
F. Interest rate and number of installments can be fixed on mutual agreement between VO and individual families.
G. Selection of proper land, availability of water, lease amount etc, should be finalized by vo and
H.sub committee at village and mandal level will closely monitor the programme and guide CA and VA regularly. The targeted income of 50,000/- rupees per year should be achieved with team work. The concerned CAs and VAs will take primary responsibility for any failure.
Hand holding and monitoring by district level functionaries.
Every functionary has to cover during their tours and upload 40 POP farmers through Mobile phones every month. This enables functionaries to meet the POP families and will solve their crop related issues. This time all DPMU functionaries will meet all the POP families’ atleast once in the season. DPMU functionaries will capture crop conditions, cost of cultivation and incomes.
In TPMU areas they should reach out all habitations with special reference to remotest habitations including hill top villages.
In POP villages under Unnathi, the POP CA’s to be given inputs on CMSA so as to enable them to handhold.
2. Half an acre model in own lands of SHG women farmers:- The above model should be implemented in at least one woman farmer field in each SHG. Target will be fixed accordingly and monitored for performance and grading.
3 (i). Rain fed Sustainable Agriculture [RFSA]:
Rain water harvesting is one of the important components under MKSP. This year funds will be provided as loan to the farmers for digging conservation furrows, trenches and farm ponds with machines outside the fold of MGNREGS. The spacing of conservative furrows will range from 4 mts to 8 mts horizontally based on the farmers preference. After treating these lands with rain water harvesting structures, trees will be planted along conservation furrows, trenches and farm ponds and improved cropping pattern will be implemented. This program will be implemented in 5,000 villages and 25,000 families, each family will be provided with Rs.5,000/- as loan per acre per farmer for taking up rain water harvesting structures. In IWMP villages’ part of revolving fund to VOs will be provided to individuals as loan for rain water harvesting structures.
Guidelines for implementation:
A. Any farmer (rain fed land owner) can take up RFSA methods
B. CA/VA/CRPs/Subcommittee members should implement these methods in their own fields in addition to other SHG/other farmers.
C. Machinery can be used for taking up RFSA works
D. The cropping system should be of poly crops with 5 to 6 months legume crop (Ex:- red gram,) the legume crops should occupy considerable space to take care of nitrogen nutrition. In poly crops cropping intensity should be 400 to 500 %.
E. if the slope is from north to south conservative furrows should be in east-west direction and trees with large canopy like tamarind can also be planted. On conservative furrows and trenches at 12 to 18 meters spacing.
F. there are quite a good number of RFSA villages where works were done under EGS and farmers are convinced about its effectiveness those areas may be taken as a nucleous and start with other farmers in the village and spread outwards .
G.Intensive capacity building should be done by showing RFSA videos (there are supplied to all last year villages) and inviting farmers who are benefited with RFSA methods and using them as a resource person on each farmers field school day the community videos are to be screened in a normal course this should be used for capacity building additionally .
H. CAs and Functionaries should regularly visit fields guide the farmers and upload data in mobile phones.
3(ii). Dry land horticulture:
In tribal areas horticulture must be invariably a major component of all sustainable agriculture initiatives. Lot of work is already done by ITDA . Further lot of proposals are sanctioned under MGNREGS all such works should be taken forward in grounding and hand holding production cycle. The VAs and CAs positioned in tribal habitations will be held responsible for successful grounding of the programmes.
Work done must be uploaded by CAs and MKSP functionaries. This will be monitored rigorously.
The successful models of ITDA areas and non-tribal areas like in anantapur should be upscaled throughout MKSP project areas.
4. House hold level nutritional security models :(36X36 models)
It is being promoted as a tool to achieve nutritional security at the house hold level. As the crop diversity ranges from tuber crops to fruit crops, from vegetables to pulses, all the nutritional requirements for a family are met. This is a seven tier model for maximum harvest of sun light. Twenty such models should be promoted in each village. All functionaries (VA/CA/CRP) including subcommittee members should adopt 36X36 models in their back yard. These targets are for this year. In 6 year old village there should be 120 such models and all the SHG members who have space in the forefront of back yard should have adopted this leading to the saturation of the village. This parameter is included in the grading of functionaries and hence. The sub-committee members should verify factual accuracy of the data uploaded during their tours and send periodical verification sheet.
This model can be in main field also in Tribal areas the model should flexible to include fruit crops and other commercial crops popular in different locations. This is not a rigid model but flexible enough to suit location specific cropping systems.
5. System of Rice Intensification (SRI):
It is a cost effective and resource efficient method of cultivation of paddy. SRI refers to growing of Paddy with less irrigation, low seed rates and low plant population to achieve higher yields.
The target ear marked is @ 2acres per village.
The essential prerequisite is to position adequate number of markers and weeders @ one for fifteen acres and one for five acres respectively. The emphasis should be to capture the imagination of the farmers resulting in behavioral change.
6. Farmer’s Field School:
Farmers field school (FFS) is the key activity for transfer of technology and sharing of best practices. Farmers upgrade knowledge by sharing, observations and experiments. 20-25 farm families formed into a group known as “Sasyamithra Sanghas” and these sanghas are assisted by a Village activist (a practicing farmer) and a Cluster activist (for a group of five villages- She/ he is also a practicing farmer ) who facilitates the knowledge sharing processes. They are paid by the S.H.G federations, the V.Os and the M.Ss to work as para extension workers, and, they are completely accountable to them.
All functionaries including CAs should upload FFS through mobile application on FFS day:
Following are the four mandatory activities in FFS:
A. Farmer field schools (preferably 7 am to 11 am)
B. visit to farmers’ fields /Flagship components viz 36X36 models, Nadep compost pit, capturing incomes, non negotiables etc (11 am to 4 pm )
C. NPM shops (4 pm to 5 pm) to hand hold economics repayment of the loan taken, knowledge levels of the NPM shop owner to act as a resource centre in the village. Ensuring their presence in the morning FFS to understand pest situation, understand different botanicals and probable stocks to position in NPM shops.
D. SHG meetings (5 pm to 7 pm) the activities taken are discussed separately below.
The data to be captured on the day of FFS
A. Farmer field schools:
Capturing farmer details, crop details, pest and disease surveillance, attendance with images
B. Nadep, 36X36 models and other flagship components:
Capturing farmer details and images along with following details:
1. Nadep compost pits:
Capturing farmer detail, no of filling, structure (temporary or permanent)
2. 36X36 model:
Capturing farmer details, images, no of tiers and incomes
3. Other flagship components:
Capturing non negotiables, farmer details, images and incomes
C. NPM shop:
Owner details, items available in shop, images and incomes
D. SHG meetings:
On FFS day in the evening CA and VA should attend SHG meeting. They will capture horizontal expansion (no of SHG women adopted CMSA against total members) and registration fee. 100% fee must be collected and remitted in to VO account under MKSP. CA /VA should screen films produced by Community videographers.
7. Non-Pesticide Management:
The main objective of NPM is to restore balance between beneficial and harmful insects without use of
Chemical pesticides so as to reduce cost of cultivation. The pest population can be minimized by adopting the following.
· Summer ploughing
· Community bonfire
· Seed and seedling treatment with botanicals
· White and yellow sticker Plates
· Pheromone Traps(traps are available for 15 pests)
· Bird perches
· Sowing trap crops
· Formation of alleys in Paddy fields at every 2 mt interval
· Border crops
8. Soil fertility Management:
The excessive use of inorganic chemical fertilizers to increase the yields over a period has lead to deterioration of soil, health, thereby making the soil loose its health and making sustainable productivity difficult. The application of organic manures enriches the soil fertility as well as soil structure. The main activities of CMSa under soil fertility management are as follows:
· Green manure crop i.e., Dhaincha, sunhemp and Pillipesara, Green gram etc.
· Use of bio-fertilizers to improve soil microbial activity i.e., PSB,Azospirullus, Rhizobium
· Application of Azolla in Paddy fields
· Tank silt application
· Use of Neem cake
· NADEP compost pits
· Cattle shed lining
· Application of Ghanajeevamrutham/Dhravajeevamrutham.
There is a paradigm shift in looking at dung and trees. Dung should be valued for its microbial content and pesticidal properties. Trees recycle nutrients from deeper layers and retain 85% in the leaves. The leaves are best source of all essential nutrients. The leaves with dung make excellent balanced fertilizer as in NADEP compost method. Regaining of soil health is indicated by appearance of local earth worms.
9. Establishment of NPM shop:
Establishment of NPM shops in each CMSA village for supplying botanical extracts, pheromone traps is very much essential towards achieving the goal of sustainable agriculture. Rs.10,000 will be provided for new villages to establish NPM shops as revolving fund to VO. This will help in preventing farmers who cannot make botanical on their own at any point of time slipping in to chemical farming. This is a business model. Poor SHG woman preferably POP farmer will be hand held to open the shop. An income of about Rs 1000/- is expected per month.
10. Establishment of custom hiring centers:
Establishment of custom hiring center at each cluster level for the supply of tools, implements on hire basis – play a greater role to reduce drudgery of women farmers. Establishing such infrastructure at village level will help small, marginal and tenant farmers. The machinery is basically woman/SF/MF friendly, smaller HP ranging from 1 HP to 15 HP. The subsidies of Department of Agriculture will be accessed. Revolving fund ranging from Rs 25,000/- to 64,000/- is provided based on the availability of funds. This is a business model. SHG farmer preferably POP will be hand held to establish the centre.
Convergence with MGNREGS:
A. Pandal system of vegetable growing:
The pandal system of vegetable cultivation offers high value vegetables for increasing production. These pandals will be used as seed banks to supply seeds for 36X36 models. The pandals will be established in POP fields in convergence with MGNREGS. About 1800 farmers are identified and sanctions are in progress and will be grounded during this Kharif season.
B. Permanent Nadep compost pits:
Permanent Nadep compost pits will be constructed through MGNREGS for SF/MF. The sanctions are in different stages. POs/PDs are requested to monitor and expedite
Mahila Kisan Sasakthikaran Pariyojana:
It is government of India scheme supported by MoRD with financial support of Rs.251 crores for three (3) years w.ef. October 2011. The salient features of the scheme are:
· Increased net incomes through NPM and soil fertility Management (INM):
Proposed action aims at increasing net incomes to the women farmers by avoiding chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Non pesticide Management approach will avoid exposure to harmful pesticides and subsequently avoid the associated risks.
· Rain water harvesting:
Soil and moisture conservation works such as conservation furrows, trenches all around the field, farm ponds will help in recharging ground water and preventing soil erosion. Integration of livestock will help in managing soil fertility in addition to regular income. Conservation furrows will be made by using country plough/JCB.. The principal is within the water shed individual field will be treated on ridge and valley basis conserving every drop of water with in the field. Trees will be planted on conservation furrows, trenches and farm ponds. Part of this can also be accessed under MGNREGS. A detailed manual in telugu is prepared and available in the districts. Further animated video film is also available.
· Capacity building by the community through video films:
Information and Communication Development tools are an important part of capacity building. It is proposed to use “films” as one of the important component in the capacity building. These films will be produced by the community, edited by them and showed to the community. These shall be the local films portraying the best practices of the village. Expert services will be hired to build in the capacities of the community for the same purpose. So far 39 films are made on different subjects. Of these 25 films are supplied to each of 11000 villages of last year and available at village level.
· Organic Certification:
Selected farmers from the village (with minimum being 25), will be trained on organic certification practices and documentation. They will be trained regularly by specialists. At regular intervals, inspection, field visits and auditing will be conducted to the group of farmers. In a different set of villages, organic certification through Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) will be promoted. The expertise required for this will be sought from the National Center for Organic Farming (NCOF), Ghaziabad. SERP is recognized as a Regional Council under PGS India programme. 300 farmers were issued PGS certificates in the year 2012-13.
· Food and nutritional Security at house hold level:
Promotion of SRI, 36X36 models, poly crop models, will enhance the household food and nutritional security. The half an acre model run for POPs and others in leased lands and their own land will act as Food Security Model.
· Accessing premium prices through Public private partnerships:
Access to premium prices for the pesticide free produce of the women farmers by collaborating with certification agencies and marketing firms. The products are to be sold at district level through ZS outlet, MMS outlet and at village level in “Santha” or NPM shop. The initiative has started and expected to stabilize during this year.
· Farmer field schools (FFS)
· Bio Gas and Solar Energy
The promotion of bio digesters and solar gas is a step towards achieving the energy security in the villages. The bio digesters will be taken up in convergence with the NEDCAP department. The solar devices will be primarily promoted in the tribal regions. So far 5001 number of bio gas units are installed in the state.
· Food Processing:
Minimal food processing units like dal mills, flour mills, chilly and turmeric powder units will be promoted in selected villages. Before taking up this activity, a feasibility study shall be conducted. Trainings will be conducted and interested community members shall be selected to manage the enterprise.
· PoP strategy (0.5 acre)
· Aggregation and Marketing by Samakhya:
The marketing activity by aggregating the produce will be taken up in the selected villages. The infrastructure support and required training support will be given to the community. As this intervention requires scale, this will be taken up at the cluster or mandal level. A pilot is run in Bachanapet Mandal of Warangal district where 60 members are made in to farmers producer organization (FPO). The aggregate vegetables grade them and marketing in Ontimamidi village (where super bazars have their purchase centers) by hiring a vehicle twice a week. They saved 100 rupees per member per month and have a corpus fund of 5.4 lakhs. It’s a self sustaining model. However it needs to be scaled up to 500 to 1000 members with professional help in the beginning.
· Models Specific to Tribal Areas:
In tribal areas, crop models with conventional crops, herbs and medicinal plants will be integrated. These herbal gardens will be taken up with selected farmers in the first year. Marketing tie up for herbs will be worked out. The good work done by the ITDA and some NGO’s like Kovel, Jattu and Sweep will be made use.
· Promotion of livelihood institutes around marketing initiatives and PGS:
Sasyamithra sanghas are promoting sustainable agriculture and some of the sasyamithrasanghas ventured into Participatory Guarantee System (PGS). Sasyamithra sanghas and local groups who are involved in marketing will be formed into commodity interest groups or livelihood institutions, over a period of time these groups will be developed into producer cooperatives or producer organisations. Local groups or sasyamithra sanghas who started monthly savings will be considered for promoting livelihood institutions. The lessons learnt in Ontimamidi village of Bachanapet will be made use. Basically this is about building second generation groups over SHGs.
· Value chain investments:
Crop specific value chain studies will be taken up and investments will be made along the value chain to realize more incomes. Sasyamithrasanghas will be supported for investing across value chains. Initially funds will be transferred to MMS once Sasyamithrasanghas/FPOs are registered; later funds will be transferred to the FPOs.
· Food Security program in ZS adopted cluster:
Zilla samakhyas proposed self-reliance in food security at household level for 10- 15 commodities as one of the components in their proposals. In this regard they will be supported for food security program for their adopted clusters.
Other important features of the Programme
Grading is an effective tool for creating healthy competition among the districts and functionaries. Performance grading is done for the following:
A. District grading
B. Functionaries grading
C. CAs grading
Objectives of grading:
A. Incentivizing performers
B. Create healthy completion between districts and functionaries
C. To increase the focus on critical components
Parameters of grading:
· FFS of CAs who uploaded more than 75%
· DCC meetings
· Sub committee meetings
· MANA TV
· Horizontal expansion
· NPM shop
· Registration FEE
· Joint tours
· Night halts
· Conservation furrows
· Emergency issues
DCC review meetings:
One ZS subcommittee member is in-charge of DCC. Subcommittee members will review CAs; and computer operators provide secretarial assistance. Review will be done by concerned MMS member with the help of mobile based application. DCC review meetings will be held on every 1st and 3rd Saturday. SPMU member’s visits are synchronized with these meetings. All Data for monthly progress reports will be captured in these meetings.
For CAs who uploaded 16 and above FFS (Total uploads is 20per month) will be given their full honorarium and CAs who uploaded less than that have to be deducted proportionately.
Subcommittee meeting dates are fixed for all MMS and ZS. MMS meetings are attended by CAs and all functionaries are attending ZS. MMS meetings will be uploaded by CAs and ZS subcommittee meetings will be uploaded by DPMU.
Subcommittee meetings are tool for empowering communities. Attendance, meeting details and images are captured.
MANA TV will be held on every 4th Saturday from 2:45 pm to 4:45 pm. MANA TV is important tool for capacity building. SPMUs from CMSA will explain about the Crop stages, interventions according to the month and season. Four films will be shown at the rate of 1 for every half an hour and discussion facilitated by taking questions in the end.
MMS subcommittees are in-charges for MANA TV. CAs uploads the data on attendance of subcommittee members, farmers and VAs etc. along with the images.
POs/PDs/Addl.PDs are requested to hold audio conference with participants.
Total No of SHG in a village and SHGs covered under CMSA is main criteria for horizontal Expansion Percentage of Expansion which has to be done in 3 years:
· In first year 75% farmers and 50%land expansion
· In second year 90% farmers and 75% land expansion
· In Third year 100% farmers and 100% land expansion
For each village one Poor SHG woman will be selected as beneficiary by Samakyas and Rs.5, 000- 10,000/- is provided as loan given to establish NPM shop. She will be trained in making Botanical extracts. Owner details, stock availability, no of components available and income achieved and images are captured.
Every farm family is paying Rs.50/- as contributory fee. This will bring accountability to the functionaries. CAs and functionaries has to upload registration fee along with bank details. Registration fee can be used as loan for promoting sustainable agriculture activities.
Community Resource Persons:
All the POs ITDA and PDs DRDA are requested to closely monitor the programme and guide the team for achieving their full potentiality.
The receipt of circular may please be acknowledged.
Chief Executive Officer,
All the Project Directors, DRDA-IKP in the State
Copy submitted to the Commissioner Tribal Welfare-Hyderabad for favour of information and with a request for inputs and communicate to POs, ITDA with suitable instructions
Copy submitted to the Principal Secretary –RD, Govt. of A.P –Hyderabad for favour of information.